♪ [music playing–
no dialogue] ♪♪. (Hannah Storm).
We continue our special series this morning with a
look at ourselves. To put it quite simply, we
are a nation of overeaters, but the good news is
there’s some simple things that all of us can do
about it and Early Show consumer correspondant,
Susan Koeppen, has details. Good Morning, Susan. (Susan Koeppen).
Good Morning, Hannah. Believe it or not, you can eat
fast food, chocolate, candy, and cookies and
still shed pounds. You are about to
meet a professor who says it all comes down to something
very simple: portion control. ♪ [music playing–
no dialogue] ♪♪. Pizza, burgers, fries. We think they’re the enemy
in the battle of the bulge, but maybe not. (Dr. Jim Painter).
Yes, you can eat all those things and lose weight. (Susan).
Nutrition expert, Jim Painter, says it’s not so
much what you eat, but how much you eat. He proves it in his documentary,
Portion-Size Me, where he puts two of his students on a
30-day fast food diet. (Dr. Painter).
They both ended up losing a couple of pounds,
their blood-cholesterol levels dropped, their
blood lipids stayed normal, their liver enzymes
stayed normal, everything was fine if
they ate the right portion. (Susan).
And this was eating fast food everyday. (Dr. Painter).
It was eating breakfast, lunch, and dinner and they
ended up losing weight. (Susan).
But getting the right portion size is
getting harder. Painter showed us how
portions have ballooned. This is a caesar salad from
20 years ago versus today. Double the portion,
double the calories. Same with the pasta
and the meatballs. (Dr. Painter).
Same with the pasta and the meatballs. Now, if you just say
give me the regular serving, it’s going to be
almost twice as much. (Susan).
And just look at a regular burger and fries from the
1950s compared to now. But don’t you think people want
this, they don’t want that. (Dr. Painter).
They really do and so one of the problems is
that we have this idea that more is better. And if you look at
people’s waistlines, they are more now
and it’s not better. (Susan).
But is it possible to eat smaller portions
and still be satisfied? Painter says yes
and to prove his point he helped us set
up an experiment. We invited this group
of people to take part in an all-you-can-eat
icecream taste test. (Dr. Painter).
Take as much as you want. If you want to come
back for seconds, you can come
back for seconds. (Susan).
We started by splitting them into two separate groups. Group A was given a big scoop,
big bowls, and big spoons. Group B was given
a scoop, bowls, and spoons about
half the size. As a result, Group A
took huge portions and piled on the toppings. Once we weighed each bowl,
they chowed down. Everyone in this
group ate quickly, most even came
back for seconds. But watch what happened
when we brought in Group B, the ones with the
smaller bowls. They filled their dishes,
but with smaller spoons, it took them more time
to get to the bottom, and most quit after
only one serving. (Susan).
Does everyone feel like they ate enough icecream? (everyone).
Then we revealed the truth of our experiment
and the results. Even though both groups told us
they were completely satisfied, Group A, the one with the
bigger bowls and spoons, ate twice as
much as Group B. Are you surprised that you
guys ate double what they ate? (female speaker).
Absolutely and I can definitely see how just the
size of the bowls did it. (Susan).
Why do you think your group ate less? (female speaker).
Well, I guess when you see that your bowl’s full and then you eat everything
in there, you feel like you’ve had enough, and
that’s all that you need. (Susan).
Jim Painter says the lesson is simple. Control your weight by
controlling your portion size. What is the appropriate size? (Dr. Painter).
I don’t think you need to make a big calculation. And I tell people this,
and I’m really serious, reach down and grab your side. If there’s more there between
your thumb and your index finger than you want, think
small and chew small. (Susan).
Yes, I have that problem. (Hannah).
Don’t do that now, Susie, you’re pregnant,
you’re eating for two. (Susan).
Well, Painter says that choosing
small can be as easy as downsizing all of your
plates, bowls, and glasses. So here’s a look at the
dinner plate that I normally use at home, it’s huge, so I’m
downsizing to this plate. (Hannah).
Okay, we actually did that at our house. (Susan).
Did it work? (Hannah).
Of course it worked, because you put the same amount of food
and it looks like it’s full. He has some
other great tips. He’s such a funny
personality, too. He says you should write
everything down, right? (Susan).
Yeah, he said if you start keeping track of everything that you eat, you will
look at your log and say, “oh my God, I’m a pig,”
and you’ll stop eating. What happens is we lose track
of how much we eat all day, so write it down,
you’ll lose weight. (Hannah).
And he says if you go out to eat, consider
splitting your meal with somebody? (Susan).
Right, either split your meal with your spouse or your
friend immediately or as soon as your plate
comes to the table, ask the waiter or waitress
for a doggy bag. And before you start
eating, make your doggy bag so you only eat half. (Hannah).
They’re going to look at you like you’re
absolutely nuts. Okay, the other one is
buy smaller packages of foods that you like. (Susan).
Right, if you’re like me, you buy a bag of chips,
you eat the whole thing. (Hannah).
Do you really? (Susan).
Well, sometimes. So, he says, instead
of buying the huge bag, buy the really small bag,
so the single serving. And there are companies
now that are making bags that are 100-calorie packs,
so you know you’re getting 100 calories if you eat this. And then if you really
want more, you can go back and get another bag. (Hannah).
Yeah, but you’ll feel a lot more guilty about it. You did an experiment in
our newsroom with candy, what was it? (Susan).
Right, we put Hershey Kisses in a bowl. We started with the bowl in
the center of the newsroom on our assignment desk
so everyone could see it. People started eating those. Then we moved the bowl to
the back of the newsroom, so it was sort
of out-of-reach. When it was in the front
and everyone could see it, people ate three
times as more. (Hannah).
Oh my gosh, so the tip is to
keep it out of the way and hard to get to. (Susan).
Out of the way. (Hannah).
Alright, Susan Koeppen, thanks so much.