How ‘The Lion King’ Remake Was Animated | Movies Insider

How ‘The Lion King’ Remake Was Animated | Movies Insider


This is the iconic opening
scene in “The Lion King.” Compared to the original, it’s an almost shot-for-shot remake, but take a closer look at Rafiki. In the 1994 film he stands
while lifting the cub, and in the new version he sits. That’s because Rafiki is a mandrill, an animal that couldn’t actually stand while lifting a lion cub. Striking that balance between staying true to the original film and creating a
hyper-realistically animated “Lion King” for a new audience was a particularly tough challenge, and it required literally
millions of hours of animating. The visual-effects masters at MPC Film helped animate this
ambitious live-action remake. Their fingerprints are all over films that combine live action
and CGI animation, from “Dumbo” to “Detective Pikachu.” But it was their work on
another Disney remake, “The Jungle Book,” that
really paved the way for what they were able to
achieve with “The Lion King.” This is Elliot Newman, one of the VFX Supervisors
on “The Lion King.” If you want a sense of
just how much work Newman and the MPC Film team
put into this project, take a look at a few stats. MPC Film estimates that there
were about 77 million hours of rendering animation throughout
all of their departments. If they used a single computer, it would’ve taken 8,790
years to finish the movie. Before they could begin fully animating, they had to actually shoot the movie, and the actors needed
to record their voices. Instead of just recording
their voices in a sound booth, the actors were actually
able to move around, as some scenes were recorded in what is called a black box theater. This bare-bones setup gave the actors room to interact with the
cast and even improvise. Some parts though were
recorded in a recording booth. Donald Glover: Mercy? After what you did? Narrator: While not motion captured, the actors’ performances were recorded and used by animators
as a point of reference. The first steps in animation happen in what’s called pre-visualization. The animation team worked with animation supervisor Andy Jones to create simplified animated sequences that could be used for virtual reality. This VR approach on set, which they called virtual
production, was unique. Director Jon Favreau and
several crew members would put on VR headsets which allowed
them to actually step foot in the virtual set they created. This way, they could set up shots, adjust lighting, and
choreograph movements. They treated this digital environment like a place that really existed. The animals and environments
were created at the same time, and rough versions of the
animations could be viewed on monitors while shooting took place. They would eventually add
more fully realized details and other crucial aspects, like
lighting, after production. We’ll get more into that later. And, yes, there were real cameras
tracking Timon And Pumbaa. Creating the camera
movements in real life, rather than just in the
computer, allowed the filmmakers to create a nature-documentary-like feel. When it came to animals,
they had to toe the fine line between creating realistic animals and staying true to the original movie. Newman: Even though we were making very realistic-looking lions, we still needed to make sure
that when you look at Simba you kind of resonate that that’s Simba, and you understand that that’s the character you’re looking at, or, you know, if you’re looking at Mufasa, then he’s got the right
visual style for you to kind of remember that that’s, you know, he is the alpha lion and, you
know, he’s larger than life and he has this presence
about him, you know. Narrator: The animals were a combination of storyboards, sketches,
and exhaustive research. Favreau and the team took a trip to Africa, where they observed real animals
in their natural habitats, which helped them build the world, plus they could get up close and personal with a lot of the animals at Disney’s Animal Kingdom
in Orlando, Florida. They also read anatomy
books and science papers and watched hours of documentaries and other reference footage. Many of the animals the crew saw in Kenya inspired the characters. For example, an excited lion cub they saw running around as the
rest of the pride slept was a big influence on
how they animated Simba. For some animals, making
them both realistic as well as faithful to
the original wasn’t easy. Perhaps the best example
of that is Rafiki. Newman: If you put him
against a real mandrill, you’d see some differences. Narrator: Rafiki’s most
famous moment comes when he stands and lifts
Simba over his head for all the Pride Lands to see. As we mentioned, mandrills
can’t really stand up like that. However, the movie is shot
and edited in such a way that you’ll barely notice a difference. Because Rafiki is in the primate family, he’s the character most
similar to a human. Therefore, they were able to add some more humanlike qualities
and emotions to him. The animators, however,
took some liberties and occasionally strayed
from realism in a few places. Take Scar, for example. His design was the furthest from reality compared to the other lions, but they made it work. He has a lot of physical qualities that are different from an actual lion, like his size and the shape of his skull. Newman: He feels more like a character than the rest of them, but actually once he was in the shots and once we’d lit things and
we’d put the environment in and his performance was
there, it was all animated, he worked in every shot. It was, you know, one of
the best characters we had. Narrator: The animators
also had the challenge of making the animals not only realistic but able to sing and talk. One change: They repositioned
some animals’ heads so the audience wouldn’t
always have to stare right into their mouths. They still had to make
sure their mouths moved how they did in real life, so they timed the character’s
breathing to their dialogue. Jones said they would
let the belly muscles and diaphragm tighten. That way, it felt like a given animal was forcing air out of
its mouth as they spoke. Each layer of these animals
went through simulations, an additional phase of animation where skin details,
such as muscle ripples, skin wrinkles, and fur
interaction, are all added. All of these details are
too complex to hand-animate, so they need simulations to generate them. The average first simulation, for instance, took
eight hours to complete. One of the biggest improvements MPC Film wanted to make
since “The Jungle Book” was how they portrayed
the layers of each animal, especially their muscles. Newman: Something that’s
quite common in CG is that you kind of get
this water-balloon effect when you simulate muscles. Narrator: This effect occurs when the muscles bounce around too much. On the other hand,
animators also run the risk of making the characters look too stiff. Newman: The problem with that is because there’s a lot of collisions happening under the skin, that’s quite difficult to simulate, but on “The Lion King” we
added hard surface joints, bones, basically, that
those muscles would collide and slide against, and it reduced that sort
of water-balloon movement. Narrator: And even if we don’t notice it, there are several visual factors to making the skin look just right, like how light bounces off
of it and how it moves. Separate teams worked on each layer, perhaps none being more
important than hair, given that nearly every character in the movie is covered in it. Part of the reason they really had to nail
things like muscles, bones, and skin is because a
lion’s hair is so short that there’s less to hide how the skin and bones move beneath. Female lions have even less hair than their male counterparts, and because they have no manes, you can fully see their necks. For characters like Nala, they had to add certain movements
to the neck and esophagus for moments when she’s speaking. The male lions have manes, which presented their
own set of challenges. Newman: Typically, the longer the hair is, the harder it is to simulate. You get 1% of the whole
density of the groom, you can then use that to kind of approximate
the surrounding hairs that move and collide with each other. Narrator: Adult Simba’s
mane alone consisted of about 700,000 strands of hair. And the hairs can’t just sit still. The animation team created new
systems for “The Lion King,” specifically for gusts of wind
passing through long hair. The hairs on a lion’s
mane blowing in the wind can be tricky to control, so they made sure the strands
behind the leading hairs in these shots wouldn’t move as much, helping to create a sense that these animals were
covered in layers of hair. While extremely subtle, Newman says it’s the kind
of specific detail that, if not done correctly,
the viewer will notice. Newman: But it’s that
kind of level of detail that we have to get to, to
kind of reach that kind of, the audience is believing
what they’re looking at. Narrator: But sometimes they
actually needed less detail. Take, for example, the infamous wildebeest stampede sequence. The animators started by
building up a big library of animated clips of wildebeests
doing different actions, whether that be walking,
jumping, or changing direction. This allowed them to more easily create a massive crowd in motion. The wildebeests in the distance were able to have more simplified features and could be done by simulation, while they had to animate the wildebeests that were closer to the camera, and thus more visible to the eye. Of course, the world
surrounding the animals was equally important. They built landscapes based
on many real-life locations in places like Kenya,
Namibia, and California. Another piece of technology they worked on since “The Jungle Book” was what Newman referred
to as a scatter tool. It allowed animators to sprinkle elements across the surface, like
twigs, leaves, and stones, instead of just placing
them there one by one. It’s a big part of the reason “The Lion King” feels so realistic, down to every tiny detail. One sequence really shows
off MPC’s work creating both the environments
and the animals in them: “Circle of Life.” Newman: I was on the movie for
about two and a half years, and we were working on that
sequence up until the end. It was really challenging. You know, just the scale of it and the complexity shot by shot. Every shot was slightly different in a slightly different part of the world. The light is different in every shot. Narrator: In an interview
with Vanity Fair, Favreau cited an example of a giraffe bowing
during “Circle of Life.” They would start with pencil drawings of what they wanted the action to be against reference footage of an animal doing a similar action, and then hand-animate it. And there were a lot of bowing animals in that sequence to coordinate, and that’s after getting
Rafiki to move correctly. The most surprising thing
about this sequence is that it actually contains the
movie’s only non-CGI shot. Favreau snuck in one real visual, which was captured in Africa. Everything from the stones on the ground, to the hairs on Simba, to the way Rafiki moved, to the way the cameras captured it all, allowed for an experience in
which the audience felt like they were stepping into the
real-life African savanna, while still spending time with
the same animated characters we first fell in love with back in 1994.

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  1. Hi Insider, are you gonna make video about Weathering with You & Parasite? Both of em will be in Oscar 2020. Thanks

  2. Fun fact: The only scene that wasn't animated was the first few seconds which was a shot they took when they were on location in Africa

  3. Let's just have a round of applause for their hardwork😅👍👍👍😊👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏👏……..

  4. Shame such VFX were used to produce one of the worst films of 2019 so far. I HOPE TLK2019 gets snubbed for the Best VFX Oscar. I HOPE TLK2019 takes the Razzie Award for Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-Off, or Sequel in a cakewalk. >_<

  5. Some people still think this was recorded with real animals and considering it animal abuse

  6. it needed more facial expression to bring the life out of the characters, other than that it's a great work of art

  7. Scar's design was not further from reality? his design was most real, lions that lose a battle and take an injury, lose the density and color of mane, due to how much stress the battle has, he was very well done, but the character design, with him being not sarcastic, witty or charismatic like he's supposed to be is the true issue here.

  8. Actually, Scar's face is very normal for a lion in terms of what they look if malnourished, lacking in muscle, injured and short on the mane, due to lack of mane and muscle, his face loses the width, this video is not that researched as i expected, any research on lion called scar face would have given more accurate data.

  9. I saw this in theaters with a 2 year old in the row behind me narrating the whole movie and when Mufasa died. Omggggggg. “DADDYS DEAD, MOOOOOM DADDY DIEDDDDD” he then cried for a half hour and when when Simba tried to wake mufasa up after he died. The kid goes “DADDY,WAKE UP DADDY”. Oml he was crying and still narrated the movie

  10. The movie was literally shot in Kenya 🇰🇪😁 Those landscapes, the animals, everything… Best animation ever 😊

  11. Essentially a shot-for-shot remake except lacking all of the personality of the original. However, no one can deny that this movie absolutely looks freaking incredible. Too bad it had to be for a blatant cash grab though

  12. I think the jungle book is better because their animal had expressions and lion king is flat face but it's more realistic

  13. One reason I don’t like lion king: They copied a Japanese movie called “Kion the white lion”. And sued the original when Disney is the one who copied and should’ve got sued

  14. I bet y'all didn't know that the lion king is REALLY about the spiritual battle between God and Lucifer. U don't have to believe me, but research it for urself before calling me a liar.

  15. 0:33 required millions of hours of animating
    Ok, 1million= 1000000 hours= 1000000/24 days = 41666.6 days= 41666.6/365 year = 114 years.
    The making of lion king took 3 years according to wikipedia.

    You just lied.
    Shame on you.

  16. imagine time traveling back in the 80s and showing the people this film and pretend that we trained animals to talk in the future lol

  17. What I want to see next:
    •How the hall of mirrors scene was shot for It Chapter Two
    •How Joaquin Phoenix got into character for 'Joker'

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